There are many different theories of development and framework that will support the development and influence current practices. Jean Piaget believed that the way children think and learn is based on their age as well as their stage of development. This was known as the cognitive theory, where learning is done in sequences and stages. Children can use first hand experiences which will help them to learn different behaviours. This theory allows us to plan out the development of a child and the sequence that they learn in. By using Piaget’s theory we can assess a child’s current development and stage of learning they are at compared to where they should be for their age, we can do this through observing the children during school/nursery and see where are and where any opportunities might be to help them develop into the next stage of the development. Another theory was that of Maslow, this was the theory of people’s needs. This is relevant to all ages not just children. His theory states that to reach a child’s full potential they would need to achieve the basics needs first. E.g. children will start to say letters, and make noises, then they will say their first words, which will slowly progress into sentences which will then lead to a full conversation but without those first words the child wouldn’t be able to make sentences or have conversations with other children, teachers or parents. The explanation of his theory has been used throughout child development and care because it ensures that a child’s personal and basic needs are met which will help them develop and reach their full potential. Another theorist was B.F Skinner who specialised in behaviour. We can interpret this in many different ways. Many teachers and teaching assistants will interpret this as making sure what you intend to happen actually happens. The main example of this is if a child is naughty and automatically apologises, it’s good that the child said sorry but they might not have meant it, if the adults then lets the child go but says ‘well done’ because they sorry than the child will think that sorry can get them out of trouble and will continue to be naughty, where as if the adult acknowledges that it was good for them to say sorry but because they were naughty in their first place and they should deal with the consequences e.g. losing 5 minutes of their golden time, or losing a couple of minutes off their play time. This will also teach the children that their actions have consequences even the good behaviour, if a child has been good, e.g. helped a child up that had fallen would receive a good reward such as an extra 5 minutes golden time or team points. This will hopefully promote good behaviour in the school environment and will encourage the other children to behave in a positive manor.
Social pedagogy is a framework that influences current practice as it seeks to bring many different theories and concepts from education, sociology and psychology to create a better way of working with children as it ensure that the way of treating children is the same for all and it will ensure that all the needs are met, especially to those children who may need additional help to achieve their correct potential. This takes into account all the theories and includes them as one to ensure that we give the children a good education and meet their needs to give them the best start in life