In Sub-Saharan Africa, it is common that women and girls spend hours daily collecting water. If girls would not be needed to do these things, as well as cook, clean, and do other tasks in order to make income, they could learn at school. The first obstacle is the amount of time spent gathering water. Over a quarter of the population spends more than half an hour per trip to collect water. The average length of the road is 6 km, and some water is usually spilled along the way. The water brought back is not only used to drink, but cook, shower, clean, and garden.

“12 percent increase in school attendance when water was available within 15 minutes compared to more than half an hour away.”(Gender and water, sanitation and hygiene UNICEF)

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(Low level attendance from girls can largely be blames on the low amount of single-gender facilities in scholarly establishments.
Women and girls seek privacy in order to defecate, doing so in the dark. This exposes them to harassment, and often, sexual assault.
WASH facilities in school are looking to improve school attendance, reduce diseases coming from lack of sanitation, and contribute to a rise of matriarchy and gender equality.

Another issue for women, aside from loss of education, it the scarcity of management roles women get in these regions. Although they are primarily responsible for their households and bringing sufficient supplies of water, “In 2012, they held less than 6% of ministerial positions in the field of environment, water resources and energy.” (UN article:Women and water resources management: for agricultural purposes, a path to gender equality)”Women and girls bear the burden of fetching water – and as a result miss out on opportunities for education, productive activities or leisure time.” (Gender and water, sanitation and hygiene UNICEF) This shows a patriarchal society, which the world is currently trying to change.
Laws and policies are not instilled. It is said in the UN …. That “,…” and yet this is not done. Authorities are not coordinating what is happening with what should be happening.

Women’s roles in the act of managing water is crucial. They not on collect and use it at home, but are responsible for many forms of irrigation, knowing where water sources can be found, and have learned the best way to keep the water at the highest quality possible. Without them, irrigation systems and water use in the agricultural domain would be completely different.

Conclusion: The population growth and rural to urban migration is speeding up the degradation of water sources. (find new stats on estimated pop growth)

Section 1, P2:
The lack of proper establishments leads into lacking spaces dedicated to sanitation and water systems. (WASH and WOMEN)

With the global population reaching new heights, the planet’s resources are becoming more and more of a concern.
Section 2 part 1:
Sub-Saharan Africa is a large part of Africa, lying south of the Sahara desert. There is a total of 42 countries, with 6 island nations that may be called “Sub-Saharan”.

www.washadvocates.org + According to the World Health Organization, roughly 50% of all malnutrition is associated with repeated diarrhoea or intestinal worm infections as a direct result of inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene. (https://www.wvi.org/nutrition/nutrition-and-wash)