A thesis or dissertation1 is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author’s research and findings.2 In some contexts, the word “thesis” or a cognate is used for part of a bachelor’s or master’s course, while “dissertation” is normally applied to a doctorate, while in other contexts, the reverse is true.3 The term graduate thesis is sometimes used to refer to both master’s theses and doctoral dissertations.4

The required complexity or quality of research of a thesis or dissertation can vary by country, university, or program, and the required minimum study period may thus vary significantly in duration.

The word “dissertation” can at times be used to describe a treatise without relation to obtaining an academic degree. The term “thesis” is also used to refer to the general claim of an essay or similar work.