A disease which occurs due to abnormal increase in body’s glucose level (sugar level) caused by the loss of body’s ability to secrete or respond to insulin
Hormone that controls the body glucose level1
Figure 1: Risk of suffering from Diabetes Mellitus2

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Little or no insulin production1
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
No response to insulin1
Type 2 Diabetes is explained since it is the most common form of diabetes
The flow chart below shows how type 2 diabetes occurs:1
Low physical activity and high intake of fatty food
Obesity
Less insulin secreted compared to glucose intake
Cells stop responding to insulin
Type 2 Diabetes
Always thirsty
Always hungry
Frequent urination
Slow wound healing

Weight loss

Figure 2: Signs and symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus3
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
High blood pressure1
High cholesterol level1
Overweight1

There are two types of complications:
Microvascular4
Diseases of small blood vessels
Eye damage4
Kidney damage4
Nerve damage4

Macrovascular4
Diseases of large blood vessels
Risk of stroke4
Risk of heart attack4
Poor blood flow to body part

Figure 3: Long term complications of Diabetes Mellitus4

Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented1
Only Type 2 diabetes can be prevented1

Have a balanced diet1
Eat more fruits and vegetables1
Reduce eating oily food1

Exercise regularly1
Try to exercise for at least 30 minutes a day1

Manage your weight1
Maintain your weight in the healthy range1
If you are overweight, attempt to reduce weight by improving your lifestyle1
Figure 4: Diabetes Mellitus is preventable5